How to promote the transformation and upgrading of labor education
Special column · labor education ④
It is a clear direction for higher level talents training in the new era to build a comprehensive education system of "five educations" and "two educations". Labor education plays an indispensable role in the five education and plays an important role in enhancing students' comprehensive quality. The basic direction of labor education is to cultivate people with morality. It is the inevitable requirement to promote the transformation and upgrading of labor education to use morality to cultivate people to guide the labor education and related practical activities in all kinds of schools at all levels.
Promoting labor education in the new era needs changing ideas
To study the supply of labor education in the new era, we need to break through the traditional thinking and form a new supply pattern based on the development of students and adapt to the needs of students' consumption under the leadership of morality and talents. The new concept of labor education supply is embodied in:
For families, growth is more important than scores. Scores reflect only the "cross-section" of students' development in a certain period of time. Labor education gives students lifelong growth and healthy development. It may be effective to motivate students with scores in a short period of time, but what hurts students in the long run is their pursuit of value and their judgment of future life preparation. People who have only scores in their hearts and nothing else can't adapt to the requirements and expectations of future social development.
For schools, atmosphere is more important than standard. The standard is not the ability of children, but the interest, hobby, exploration, query and patience to maintain these qualities in a good life and things. Labor education breaks the static balance maintained by traditional knowledge education, forms a new education atmosphere, and makes the relationship between "morality" and "talent" transfer and agglomerate on a more expected criterion.
For the government, momentum is more important than hardware. Focus on the new driving force to promote the positive and healthy development of labor education, use the new driving force to drive the "activation" of hardware, software, capital and other factors of production, so that each individual and institution participating in it can become a direct source of energy for the new driving force.
For society, openness is more important than quantity. A large number of high-quality resources and services needed in labor education exist in the society. These resources and services are large in quantity, but they are implied in every organization, organization and enterprise. Some of them are even related to a specific person and a specific process. Open these high-quality resources and services in an orderly manner, so that students with corresponding needs have more opportunities to contact these resources and services, and know more partners with the same interests and hobbies, which not only solves the problem of insufficient resources in the school, but also enables students to increase their knowledge and knowledge in social interaction.
Internet promotes the transformation of labor education supply
The basic reason why there are some problems in current labor education is that the discrete division of labor within the supply system differentiates the positive effect of labor education. Therefore, it is particularly important to build a new collaborative supply system. With the rapid development of big data, artificial intelligence and other new technologies, the construction of a new collaborative supply system needs to coordinate resources and services under the leadership of leader, to meet the dynamic changing consumer demand of students, so as to form a higher level and better level of labor education supply.
Since labor education integrates multiple fields, disciplines and involves different elements, to build a new type of collaborative supply system, we should start from the interests of all parties, find out the "maximum common divisor", aim at the target, and focus on tackling, which is mainly reflected in the "seven changes": from the supply strategy, from the discipline oriented to the education led by morality and human cultivation; from the supply content From the perspective of supply mode, from a single subject to a coordinated supply of the whole society; from the perspective of supply rhythm, from a relatively fixed focus to a flexible and timely focus; from the perspective of supply management, from a post regulatory focus to a "pre event post event" full process regulatory focus; from the perspective of supply region From the perspective of supply space, from the perspective of real space to the combination of reality and virtual space.
In the collaborative supply system of labor education, the impact of information technology should be gradually accepted in terms of labor tools, labor forms, labor environment, labor time and labor intensity. For labor tools, traditional labor tools (such as shovel, etc.) are coexisting with modern labor tools (such as agricultural UAVs). For labor, traditional labor forms (such as artificial watering) are compatible with new types of labor such as intelligent drip irrigation, etc. for traditional labor and agricultural schools, such as workshops, etc. The combination of virtual and real labor environment (such as simulation auto repair, etc.) coexists; for labor time, the traditional strict work and rest time and fragmented labor time coexist; for labor intensity, the traditional labor intensity (such as heavy physical labor, etc.) coexists with the labor intensity under technical support (such as man-machine collaborative processing of molds, etc.).
Due to the lack of certain labor experience of students, in the whole labor education supply system, the role of teachers who guide students to complete labor is particularly important. Due to the particularity of labor education, there are differences between teachers and students in the content of labor. Whether teachers can teach students, or whether students can teach teachers, both of them may occur. When teachers are not familiar with some skills of labor education, they need to use the Internet to learn. For some special skills, it is necessary to consider crossing the boundary of "teachers", hire social personnel familiar with special skills as members of the teaching team, teach labor skills to students, and help them form a richer and complete labor experience.
Labor education has the characteristics of repetition, which is gradually transferred and internalized in the process of repetition. In some places where family education is relatively weak, good habits that students have formed in labor education can be transformed into practical actions to actively influence their parents. This mode of supply can be called "reverse supply". For example, in some places, students have developed a good labor education habit in school. When they return home, they influence their parents with their own practical actions. As a result, the family's life habit of cleaning regularly and maintaining a clean environment has been formed over time.
Grasp the practical focus of labor education by stages
The new collaborative supply system of labor education should be based on morality and human cultivation, with the characteristics of seamless, through and personalized, which is the key content of the construction of the supply system of labor education at present and the important trend of the development of the supply system of labor education in the future. From the perspective of practical implementation, family, school, government and society are the main positions for the implementation of labor education, which shoulder very important responsibilities and tasks. It is of great significance for the development of labor education and the integration with other systems to make clear the practical focus of labor education and form a relatively consistent identity of labor education.
In the pre-school education stage, "work in play" is the key, with the help of games, activities, reading, sports and other knowledge of labor education; in the primary education stage, "support work in play" is the key, with the help of nurturance education, school activities and other experience labor education; in the middle school education, "work in study" is the key, with the help of subject content, practical activities and other acquisition of labor education; in the high school education In the stage of education, "technical labor" is the key point, and the achievements of labor education are formed with the help of basic technology mastering and practical life problems solving; in the stage of university education, "learning labor" is the key point, and the basic skills of future work and life are reserved with the help of social practice activities and community activities; in the stage of adult education and adult work and life, more efforts are made through "creating labor" Present the value of labor.
The evaluation of labor education mainly reflects people's attitude towards Labor Education and how to implement it. Labor is the essential activity of human beings. The evaluation of labor education does not depend on the method of making assessment scores, but on the feelings and experiences of the people who participate in labor education. The sense of gain and the sense of happiness are two important considerations in evaluating labor education. Through labor education, people who participate in it have a deeper understanding of the meaning of labor, an expanded understanding of the spirit of labor, and actively improve their literacy and enhance their actual acquisition in the interaction and communication with different organizations; through labor education, people who participate in it have a deeper understanding of life, and are more fully prepared for the future. In this way, every individual, every family, every industry and every organization will maintain due respect and treasure for labor and its achievements.