Preschool teacher education calls for double research of theory and Practice
Research is always the guide of teacher education. Preschool teacher education calls for both theoretical and practical research. " A few days ago, the 2018 academic annual meeting of the Professional Committee for teacher development of China preschool education research association and the 12th national preschool education professional university seminar were held in Shenyang Normal University. Yu Yongping, President of China preschool education research association, appealed to the participants to study the core issues of kindergarten teacher team building in depth.
In recent years, with the rapid development of preschool education in China, the total number of kindergarten teachers continues to increase rapidly. According to the 2017 national education development statistics bulletin, there are 255000 kindergartens in China, with 4.1929 million kindergarten staff, an increase of 375000 over the previous year, an increase of 9.82%; 2.4321 million full-time teachers, an increase of 200000 over the previous year, an increase of 8.96%.
"The total amount continues to increase rapidly but the gap is still huge. In the context of the comprehensive two child policy, the shortage of teachers will be further intensified." Hong Xiumin, director of the Professional Committee for teacher development of China preschool education research association and director of the Institute of preschool education of Beijing Normal University, said that the education level of kindergarten teachers in China is still low, with junior college as the main subject and high school and below accounting for 1 / 5 of the education level; the overall title level is low, the salary is low, the work load is large, and the turnover tendency is high; the staffing is in short supply, and the non working teachers are paid differently These are the practical problems and challenges faced by the construction of kindergarten teachers in the new era.
From the perspective of preschool teacher education, Hong Xiumin believes that the contradiction between the lack of preschool teachers and the surge in the number of students, the contradiction between the quality of students and the requirements of high-quality standards, and the contradiction between the professional training and the employment qualification of graduates are the severe test faced by the current kindergarten teacher training units.
"Curriculum and teaching reform is the key to improve the quality of preschool teacher education." Yu Yongping said that on the one hand, we should adhere to the two-dimensional law. On the one hand, we should let pre-school normal students grasp the law of physical and mental development and learning characteristics of pre-school children, and really have a children's perspective. On the other hand, we should grasp the characteristics and laws of psychological development of pre-school normal students, study the actual situation of students, and stimulate their enthusiasm for learning. Second, adhere to curriculum reform, correctly handle the relationship between humanities, scientific literacy and professional literacy, handle the relationship between professional basic knowledge and professional knowledge, and understand the relationship between professional knowledge and professional ability. Third, we should strengthen the teaching reform, innovate the teaching methods, expand the teaching forms, ensure that the curriculum teaching really implements the teaching objectives, and effectively promote the development of students.
Zhu Xudong, director of the Education Department of Beijing Normal University, believes that the training and training of kindergarten teachers is an important responsibility and mission in the construction of teachers' team. To do a good job in training and training, we should not only build the discipline of preschool teacher education, but also pay attention to the construction of kindergarten teacher community. We can rely on the kindergarten based curriculum development center, famous teacher studio, kindergarten teacher development center and other institutions, Carry out the construction of kindergarten teacher community.
The two-day academic annual meeting is hosted by the professional committee of teacher development of China preschool education research association and hosted by Shenyang Normal University, with the theme of "responsibility and mission: the construction of kindergarten teachers in the new era".